General Reasons for the Decline of Muslin Empires

The power and influence of the three muslin empires (Mughal, Ottoman, and Safavid) did not last long. After the 17th century, all three substantially declined and none of them was able to conduct overseas expansion. What fundamental/common reasons (not individual reason for each empire) led to the decline of all three empires? Which one are you think the most important?

Be sure to discuss the political, economic/social, and cultural/ideological aspects, provide sufficient explanation and specific examples, and base your discussions on the lecture and textbook readings and other posts.

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